We have already talked about the 4 order types in HFT or High-Frequency Trading in this visual article. Today, we are going to give you some basic insights into HFT.
What is HFT? What are the factors that make it so intriguing and lucrative?
The definition of HFT on Wikipedia is:
High-frequency trading (HFT) is a primary form of algorithmic trading in finance. Specifically, it is the use of sophisticated technological tools and computer algorithms to rapidly trade securities.So, let us see what are the interesting facts about HFT.
What is HFT?
High-Frequency Trading (HFT) is a program trading platform that uses powerful computers to transact a large number of orders at very fast speeds it uses complex algorithms to analyze multiple markets and execute orders based on market conditions
Algo-traders make trades in microseconds to milliseconds. Some say it's as fast as half-a-millionth of a second - that's an incredible speed you are looking at!
HFT ﬁrms characterize their business as "Market making” - a set of high-frequency trading strategies that involve placing a limit order to sell or offer) or a buy limit order (or bid) in order to earn the bid-ask spread. By doing so, market makers provide counterpart to incoming market orders
The precision of signals (buy/sell signals) is paramount, since gains may quickly turn to losses if signals are misaligned, a signal must be precise enough to trigger trades in a fraction of a second
Market data changes trigger HFT systems to produce new orders in a few hundred nanoseconds. The collected data can consist of billions of data rows!Colocation
Locating computers owned by HFT ﬁrms and proprietary traders in the same premises where an exchange's computer servers are housed. This enables HFT ﬁrms with co-located servers to get faster market access
HFT Proprietary Firms trade in Stocks, Futures, Bonds, Options, FX etc. High-FrequencyTrading can be done from any corner of the world at any time. Thus making it a preferred option for FX trading
High End Systems
Just staying in the high-frequency game requires ongoing maintenance and upgrades to keep up with the demands. Banks and other financial institutions spend a fortune on developing superfast computer hardware and execution engines in the world.
HFT professionals are increasingly in demand and reap top-dollar compensation. Solid footing in both theory and practice of finance and computer science are the normal prerequisites for successful implementation of high-frequency Environments.
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